Between October 1965 and March 1966, members and supporters of Indonesia’s Communist Party (PKI), the third largest in the world at the time, were hunted down and murdered. Historian Robert Cribb estimates 200,000 to 800,000 people were killed.
The anti-communist violence brought Suharto to power in 1967, replacing the country’s founding president Sukarno. In the midst of the Cold War, the tragedy changed Indonesia from a fiercely independent Asian nation into a pro-Western country.
Historian Asvi Warman Adam explains what happened and the impact it had on Indonesia and global politics. Continue reading How Indonesia’s 1965-1966 anti-communist purge remade a nation and the world